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浅谈关于Silabs Si3471 90W完全自主以太网供电(PoE)解

·2020-03-25 19:04·电子发烧友
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Silabs公司的Si3471是完全自主 以太网 供电(PoE)的供电设备(PSE)器件.完全和IEEE 802.3bt兼容,并和 IEEE 802.3af与802.3at兼容.最适合用于PSE中跨和不需要主 MCU 的集电器.Si3471集成了IEEE要求的供电设备(PD)检测和分类功能的以太网端口.此外,它还具有采用DC检测算法和功能强大的多点检测算法的供电设备(PD)断开.智能 保护电路 包括输入欠压检测,输出 电流 限制和 短路 保护.Si3471能自主工作,不需要外接主MCU或MCU控制,所有的电源重置和欠压复位 电路 都在器件内部.工作温度–40℃ 到+85℃,38引脚 5 x 7 mm QFN封装(RoHS兼容),主要用在IEEE 802.3af, 802.3at和802.3bt供电设备(PSE),以太供电集电器,单端口中跨,以太网 交换机 供电,IP电话系统,智能电网交换,加固和工业交换. 中电网为您整理如下详细资料,本文介绍了Si3471A主要特性,功能框图,应用框图以及90W以态网端口 评估板 EVB主要特性,包括 基板 和子板的电路图表,材料清单和 PCB设计 图.

The Si3471 is a fully autonomous Power over Ethernet (PoE) Power Sourcing Equipment (PSE) device. It is fully IEEE 802.3bt compliant and compa ti ble with IEEE 802.3af and 802.3at. It is op TI mi zed for use in PSE mid-spans and injecto rs that do not require a host or MCU. The Si3471 in te grates one Ethernet port with the IEEE-required powered device (PD) detec TI on and class if ica TI on func TI onality. In addition, it features powered device (PD) disconnect using dc sense algorithms and a robust multipoint detection algorithm. Intel ligent protection circuitry includes input undervoltage detection, output current limit, and short-circuit protection. The Si3471 works autonomously and does not require a host or MCU to prog ram it. The Si3471 is programmed for maximum av ai lable power by pulling its configration pi ns high or low.

The Si3471 operates autonomously, without any external host or MCU control. All power on reset and brownout reset circuitry is internal.

Upon VDD and VDDA being applied, an internal pull up sets the RESETb pin high, releasing the Si3471 f rom reset. The Si3471 thenreads the PWRAVL pins and configures itself to grant the maximum class set by the PWRAVL pins. The multi-point detection algorithmruns until a valid PoE PD signature is detected and then proceeds with classification. If the Si3471 is configured to grant the class thePD requests, it internally sets the current limit to the class requested by the PD and proceeds to grant power. Otherwise, the Si3471follows the IEEE 802.3bt specification for power demotion. The Si3471 automatically detects when a PD disconnects and restarts thedetection process, continuously looking for a valid detection signature. If any error or fault condition occurs, the Si3471 removes powe rf rom the PD and automatically restarts the detection process.

The Si3471 includes an LED pin for driving a status indicator LED. If a status LED is not used, then the pin can be left floating. The LEDoperation is shown in the table below and is not configurable.

Si3471A主要特性:

• Single Ethernet port PoE Power SourcingEquipment (PSE) device
• IEEE 802.3bt compliant
• IEEE 802.3af and 802.3at compatible
• Multi-point detection
• Comprehensive fault protection circuitryincludes:
• Power undervoltage lockout
• Output current limit and short-circuitprotection
• Thermal overload detection
• Operating temp range: –40℃ to +85℃
•38-pin 5 x 7 mm QFN package (RoHScompliant)

Si3471A应用:

• IEEE 802.3af, 802.3at, and 802.3bt Power Sourcing Equipment (PSE)
• Power over Ethernet Injectors
• Single Port Mid-Spans
• Power over Ethernet Switches
• IP Phone Systems
• Smartgrid Switches
• Ruggedized and Industrial Switches


图1.Si3471功能框图


图2.Si3471典型802.3bt应用框图


图3.Si3471典型802.3bt中跨应用框图

90W以态网端口评估板EVB

Si3471 Single 90 W Ethernet Port EVB

The Si3471 is a fully autonomous 802.3bt PSE capable of supplying 90 W on a single PoE Ethernet port. Three static I/O pins configure the maximum power the Si3471 will grant to a connected PD. The Si3471 includes a built-in LED driver to indicate the status of the PoE Ethernet port.

Configured as a single Ethernet port mid-span, the Si3471 EVB provides easy access to all Si3471 features. The compact design includes a two-layer daughtercard and a twolayerbaseboard. Both are excellent starting points for new Si3471 designs.

90W以态网端口评估板EVB主要特性:

• Adds 90 W PoE to a non-poweredEthernet cable
• Configurable max power output an dac cess to Si3471 features
• Small, simple, two layer PCB s
• Only 1.8 x 3.25 inches, 46 x 83 mm
• IEEE 802.3bt compliant
• 54 V, 90 W power supply included


图4.90W以态网端口评估板EVB外形图


图4. Si3471 EVB子板外形图


图5. Si3471 EVB基板外形图


图6.子板电路图


图7.基板电路图


图8.子板PCB设计图:顶层丝印


图9.子板PCB设计图:底层丝印


图10.子板PCB设计图:顶层布局


图11.子板PCB设计图:底层布局


图12.基板PCB设计图:顶层丝印


图13.基板PCB设计图:顶层布局


图14.基板PCB设计图:底层布局
Si3471子板材料清单:


Si3471母板材料清单:

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